Chicory

chicory leaves
Chicory flower
chicory_flower_group
chicory_flower
chicory_plant

Chicory

Cichorium intybus

Information Sheet (PDF)


List C - Control Recommended


General

  • Introduced from Mediterranean region
  • Sunflower family (Asteraceae)


Common Names

  • Chicory, Cornflower, Coffeeweed, Blue sailors


Habitat

  • Adapted to harsh, dry and infertile soils along roadsides
  • Perennial forb


Plant


Vegetation

  • ½ inch wide and 2 to 6 inches long
  • Leaves dark green with some red tones, lance shaped, deeply notched, fine hairs on both leaf surfaces
  • Plant 4 to 5 feet tall
  • Stems long, hollow. Nearly naked branching stalks distinguish chicory from dandelion


Roots

  • Taproot


Flower

  • Blue to lilac, sometimes white
  • Clustered
  • July to September
  • Up to 1 ½ inch wide


Seed

  • ¾ inch long
  • 3000 seeds per plant
  • Brown
  • Can remain dormant in soil for up to 6 years
  • Papus (parachute) present


Seedling

  • Looks like a large dandelion
  • Rosette early-spring


Reproduction

  • Seed


Control


Biological

  • None


Chemical


Cultural

  • Prevention
  • Removal - make sure the entire root is removed. Must be repeated as new plants germinate
  • Re-vegetation of disturbed sites


Mechanical

  • Burning - N/A
  • Grazing - N/A
  • Mowing - N/A


Use all chemicals according to the manufacturer's label. No specific recommendation or endorsement is made or implied by listing methods or products.

 Treatment Timeline


JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOctNovDec
Control











Removal











Herbicide











Growth











Vegetative











Flowering











Seed