Oxeye Daisy

oxeye daisy leaf
oxeye daisy habit
oxeye daisy flower

Oxeye daisy

Leucanthemum vulgare

Information Sheet (PDF)


Colorado List B


General

  • Family: Sunflower (Asteraceae)
  • Found in pastures, meadows, roadsides and in waste areas
  • Has been sold as an ornamental in the past
  • Introduced from Europe
  • It is also an agricultural weed in grain and hay


Habitat

  • Colony-forming
  • Herbaceous, short-lived perennial
  • Tolerates poor soil and drought


Plant


Vegetation

  • Leaves are 1.5 to 5.5 inches long, usually dark green with toothed edges
  • Leaves get smaller toward top of stem
  • Smelly when crushed
  • Stems are generally smooth


Roots

  • Fibrous roots and short rhizomes


Flower

  • 1 to 2 inches across
  • 20 to 30 white petals
  • Season: June to August
  • Single at end of branches
  • White with yellow center


Seed

  • 1,300 to 4,000 seeds per plant (up to 26,000)
  • Can remain dormant in soil for 39-plus years, most germinate within 6 years
  • Seeds may germinate as soon as they are shed


Seedling

  • Rosettes


Reproduction

  • Seed and root fragments


Control


Biological

  • None


Chemical


Cultural

  • Cultivation
  • Fertilization helps desirable grasses out-compete
  • Prevention – maintain health of site
  • Removal; make sure entire root is removed; must be repeated as new plants germinate


Mechanical

  • Burning - Not effective
  • Grazing - Goats, sheep and horses; cattle usually do not eat it (they will eat around the plants, allowing them in pastures)
  • Mowing - Repeated mowing as soon as flowers appear


Use all chemicals according to the manufacturer's label. No specific recommendation or endorsement is made or implied by listing methods or products.