Saltcedar - Tamarisk

salt cedar flower
salt cedar flowers

Saltcedar - Tamarisk

Tamarix chinensis, T.parviflora, and T. ramosissima

Information Sheet (PDF)


Colorado list B - Eradication required in Jefferson County

General

  • Family: Tamaricaceae (Tamarisk)
  • Has been sold as an ornamental but is no longer available in Colorado
  • Introduced from Asia


Habitat

  • Deciduous shrub and small tree
  • High drought and seasonal flood tolerance
  • Riparian areas and wetlands


Plant


Vegetation

  • Accumulate salts in foliage
  • Feathery leaves, gray-green in color
  • Small tree or shrub up to 20 feet tall


Roots

  • Deep tap roots


Flower

  • Color: small pink to white flowers on racemes (long, narrow clusters)
  • Season: June to September


Seed

  • Can germinate in 24 hours
  • Small, wind-borne seeds


Seedling

  • Reddish-brown bark on saplings and stems


Reproduction

  • Cut stems
  • Root fragments
  • Seed


Control


Biological

  • Not allowed – eradication is required


Chemical


Cultural

  • Hand pulling young plants
  • Prevention – maintain health of site


Mechanical

  • Burning - Not effective; readily re-sprouts from crown
  • Cutting / Mowing - Cutting combined with an herbicide treatment is most effective
  • Grazing - Goats can be effective on the regrowth after a stand is cut


Use all chemicals according to the manufacturer's label. No specific recommendation or endorsement is made or implied by listing methods or products.