Several enterprising pioneers built toll roads to carry people from the plains to the mountain communities.
The old Mount Vernon Toll Road went from Denver to the present day Bergen Park, Conifer and the South Park area and was built by Dr. Joseph Casto, an Ohio minister.
A trip down the canyon to Denver by horse and wagon for supplies was a four-day excursion with overnight stays in Golden and Denver.
In 1880 the toll road was purchased by Jefferson County for $700 and declared a public highway.
John Patrick and his family, who came to the area in 1860, received a charter and built the Genesee Toll Road that went up Mt. Vernon Canyon and on to the mines near Idaho Springs and Central City.